Tomorrow Terry Gross interviews author and journalist Stephen Kinzer about his new book The Brothers: John Foster Dulles, Allen Dulles, and Their Secret World War. J.F. Dulles was the Secretary of State under Eisenhower while he brother Allen was the Director of the C.I.A. The two were primarily responsible for overthrowing regimes in Guatemala and Iran, and getting America involved in Vietnam:
It’s quite possible, even likely, had the Dulles brothers not been [in Vietnam] or had acted differently, there never would’ve been an American involvement in Vietnam at the cost of a million lives and more than 50,000 Americans. Guatemala wouldn’t have suffered 200,000 dead over a period of 35 years in the civil war that broke out after they intervened in Guatemala and destroyed democracy there. Iran fell under royal dictatorship and then more than 30 years of fundamentalist religious rule as a result of the Dulles brothers’ operations. Had they not intervened in Iran we might’ve had a thriving democracy in the heart of the Muslim Middle East.
…So you look around the world and you see these horrific situations that still continue to shake the world and you can trace so many of them back to the Dulles brothers.