1. Author Rawn James tells Terry Gross how African-American soldiers returning from WWI were treated:



They believed that by making the world safe for democracy abroad, that they would prove their mettle at long last and come back and … have democracy here at home. They returned in 1919 to what be came known as the ‘Red Summer.’ There were so many race riots up in the Northern states and the brutal, terrible lynchings that occurred in the South. And the lynchings became endemic, so much so that they began to almost to become a separate judicial system in the Southern states. So what these soldiers returned to really was a situation … even worse than when they had left. Soldiers were lynched and burned while wearing their military uniforms.



Image via the US Army Center for Military History View in High-Res

    Author Rawn James tells Terry Gross how African-American soldiers returning from WWI were treated:

    They believed that by making the world safe for democracy abroad, that they would prove their mettle at long last and come back and … have democracy here at home. They returned in 1919 to what be came known as the ‘Red Summer.’ There were so many race riots up in the Northern states and the brutal, terrible lynchings that occurred in the South. And the lynchings became endemic, so much so that they began to almost to become a separate judicial system in the Southern states. So what these soldiers returned to really was a situation … even worse than when they had left. Soldiers were lynched and burned while wearing their military uniforms.

    Image via the US Army Center for Military History

  2. Fresh Air

    Interviews

    Rawn James

    The Double V

    African-American history

    lynching

    race riots

    WWI