1. Everyone knows how restaurant reservations have worked in living memory: When we want to eat at a restaurant, we call ahead or drop by and reserve a table for a specified time.  But in recent years restaurant reservation websites and apps have enabled new kinds of consumer interactions.  Tech contributor Alexis Madrigal says some of those options fall neatly within our societal traditions while others break entirely with the established way of doing things.

“OpenTable is only the beginning of what an enterprising restaurant technologist might cook up. It merely replicates the existing system of the restaurant reservation online. And while that does change some things — for one, it’s easier for patrons to make and cancel reservations, as well as to see all the restaurants who could seat two on Friday at 8 p.m. — that technology doesn’t challenge the basic idea of the convention.
For that, we can look to Grant Achatz, the chef behind Alinea, Chicago’s entry for best restaurant in the country. In August of 2012, Alinea got rid of reservations. Instead, they started selling tickets. And earlier this summer, Nick Kokonas, Achatz’s business partner and the driving force behind the ticketing system, revealed exactly how effective it’s been.”


Photo: Alinea, Chicago  View in High-Res

    Everyone knows how restaurant reservations have worked in living memory: When we want to eat at a restaurant, we call ahead or drop by and reserve a table for a specified time.  But in recent years restaurant reservation websites and apps have enabled new kinds of consumer interactions.  Tech contributor Alexis Madrigal says some of those options fall neatly within our societal traditions while others break entirely with the established way of doing things.

    OpenTable is only the beginning of what an enterprising restaurant technologist might cook up. It merely replicates the existing system of the restaurant reservation online. And while that does change some things — for one, it’s easier for patrons to make and cancel reservations, as well as to see all the restaurants who could seat two on Friday at 8 p.m. — that technology doesn’t challenge the basic idea of the convention.

    For that, we can look to Grant Achatz, the chef behind Alinea, Chicago’s entry for best restaurant in the country. In August of 2012, Alinea got rid of reservations. Instead, they started selling tickets. And earlier this summer, Nick Kokonas, Achatz’s business partner and the driving force behind the ticketing system, revealed exactly how effective it’s been.”

    Photo: Alinea, Chicago 

  2. opentable

    reservations

    restaurant

    techology

    alexis madrigal

  1. Dana Goldstein, author of The Teacher Wars: A History of America’s Most Embattled Profession, spoke to Fresh Air about how teachers have become both “resented and idealized” over 200 years of history.  
In the interview Goldstein explains how teaching became a woman’s profession:

"A lot of people are surprised to learn that back in 1800, 90 percent of American teachers were actually male. Today we know that actually 76 percent of [them are] female, so how did this huge flip happen?
The answer is that as school reformers began to realize in the 1820s that schooling should be compulsory — that parents should be forced to send their kids to school, and public education should be universal — they had to come up with a way to do this basically in an affordable manner, because raising taxes was just about as unpopular back then as it is now. So what we see is this alliance between politicians and education reformers in the early 19th century to redefine teaching as a female profession.
They do this in a couple ways: First, they argue that women are more moral in a Christian sense than men. They depict men as alcoholic, intemperate, lash-wielding, horrible teachers who are abusive to children. They make this argument that women can do a better job because they’re more naturally suited to spend time with kids, on a biological level. Then they are also quite explicit about the fact that [they] can pay women about 50 percent as much — and this is going to be a great thing for the taxpayer.”
View in High-Res

    Dana Goldstein, author of The Teacher Wars: A History of America’s Most Embattled Profession, spoke to Fresh Air about how teachers have become both “resented and idealized” over 200 years of history.  

    In the interview Goldstein explains how teaching became a woman’s profession:

    "A lot of people are surprised to learn that back in 1800, 90 percent of American teachers were actually male. Today we know that actually 76 percent of [them are] female, so how did this huge flip happen?

    The answer is that as school reformers began to realize in the 1820s that schooling should be compulsory — that parents should be forced to send their kids to school, and public education should be universal — they had to come up with a way to do this basically in an affordable manner, because raising taxes was just about as unpopular back then as it is now. So what we see is this alliance between politicians and education reformers in the early 19th century to redefine teaching as a female profession.

    They do this in a couple ways: First, they argue that women are more moral in a Christian sense than men. They depict men as alcoholic, intemperate, lash-wielding, horrible teachers who are abusive to children. They make this argument that women can do a better job because they’re more naturally suited to spend time with kids, on a biological level. Then they are also quite explicit about the fact that [they] can pay women about 50 percent as much — and this is going to be a great thing for the taxpayer.”

  2. fresh air

    interview

    dana goldstein

    teaching

    school

    women

    education

  1. 
New York-based photographer Richard Silver captures how buildings and monuments change in appearance from day to night. Instead of exploring this in several images, however, he shows the progression in a single photograph. Silver’s ongoing series is titled Time Slice. 
via My Modern Metropolis
View in High-Res

    New York-based photographer Richard Silver captures how buildings and monuments change in appearance from day to night. Instead of exploring this in several images, however, he shows the progression in a single photograph. Silver’s ongoing series is titled Time Slice. 

    via My Modern Metropolis

  2. colusseum

    rome

    time slice

    richard silver

  1. Little Feat was the archetypal ‘70s band. They had a charismatic frontman, who was a guitar virtuoso, they wrote wonderful songs, and they had an influence far in excess of their record sales. They also had awful luck, drug problems, and kept breaking up. With the release of a box of all of their Warner Bros. recordings, Rad Gumbo, Ed Ward tells their story. View in High-Res

    Little Feat was the archetypal ‘70s band. They had a charismatic frontman, who was a guitar virtuoso, they wrote wonderful songs, and they had an influence far in excess of their record sales. They also had awful luck, drug problems, and kept breaking up. With the release of a box of all of their Warner Bros. recordings, Rad Gumbo, Ed Ward tells their story.

  2. little feat

    music review

    music history

    1970s

  1. Dom Flemons, formerly of the Grammy-winning Carolina Chocolate Drops, joined Fresh Air in the studio to sing and play his enormous 1920s banjo. 

    Here’s the interview: Dom Flemons Holds On To Those Old-Time Roots 

  2. dom flemons

    carolina chocolate drops

    banjo

    fresh air

    interview

  1. In Big Bill Broonzy’s Blues, Brothers Find A Way To Sing Together: Dave and Phil Alvin have made their first full album together in nearly 30 years, a tribute to one of their early influences. “His persona was so big to me,” Phil Alvin tells Fresh Air's Terry Gross.

    Seeking Proof For Why We Feel Terrible After Too Many Drinks: Author Adam Rogers says there are lots of myths about what causes hangovers. His new book,Proof: The Science of Booze, explores these and other scientific mysteries of alcohol’s effect on the body.

    Benjamin Booker Is Raw, Yet Disciplined On Debut Album: The 25-year-old guitarist-singer-songwriter has already served as an opening act on Jack White’s recent tour, and he may be ready for headliner status.

  2. fresh air

    interview

    booze

    blues

    banjamin booker

  1. Paperclip patent. via This Isn’t Happiness  View in High-Res

    Paperclip patent. via This Isn’t Happiness 

  2. art

    invention

    paperclip

  1. I don’t think anyone sets out to change the world, and I think if you have that delusion going into journalism you’re going to end up disappointed. All you can do is write what you feel, stick to your conscience, stick to your guns, and sometimes it’s not always popular, but the readers do respond, I will say that.

    — 

    Carl Hiaasen 

    Hiaasen’s latest book, Bad Monkey, is now in paperback 

  2. carl hiaasen

    bad monkey

    journalism

    interview

    fresh air

  1. 
"Everybody said, ‘Oh you must’ve been on drugs when you made those movies.’ No! We weren’t on drugs when we made them. I was on on drugs when I thought them up and I was on drugs when we showed them, but I was never on drugs when we made them, because it was too hard.” 
- John Waters


Waters’ new book is called Carsick. It chronicles his hitchhiking journey across the country. 

Photo by Richard Burbridge, 2008  View in High-Res

    "Everybody said, ‘Oh you must’ve been on drugs when you made those movies.’ No! We weren’t on drugs when we made them. I was on on drugs when I thought them up and I was on drugs when we showed them, but I was never on drugs when we made them, because it was too hard.” 

    - John Waters

    Waters’ new book is called Carsick. It chronicles his hitchhiking journey across the country. 

    Photo by Richard Burbridge, 2008 

  2. john waters

    fresh air

    interview

    drugs

    film

  1. It has been a slow week of reruns, so this happened.  View in High-Res

    It has been a slow week of reruns, so this happened. 

  2. tumblr

    questions

    fresh air

    pie chart

    graph

  1. The Simpsons + Mondrian + Wine 

    "Wine, or maybe not? is a playful, minimalist wine bottle design project that will bring a smile to your face. Inspired by the style of famous Dutch painter Pieter Mondrian, the collaborative project was developed by Russian artist Constantin Bolimond and Dmitry Patsukevich in 1987, the same year The Simpsons first aired on The Tracey Ullman Show. And, the contents of the bottle have remained a mystery ever since.” 

    Here’s our recent Simpsons tribute

  2. the simpsons

    mondrian

    wine

    contemporary art

  1. We’re concluding our Emmys series with another one of this year’s nominees, Jon Hamm.  He actually had two nominations this year—for outstanding lead actor in a dramatic series for his performance as Don Draper on AMC’s Mad Men, and for his work as a producer on the series.  He’s received a total 13 nominations during his career, but has yet to win.  
Hamm spoke to Fresh Air in 2010. In the interview he talks about how the loss of his parents influenced his choice to pursue acting: 

"Had both my parents been around, I probably would have done something completely different with my life. I think all performers come from a place of self-doubt and pain. Ray Romano said once, very accurately and hilariously, that if his dad had spent more time with him he would have been an accountant instead of a comedian. I think that anybody who wants to get on stage or tell jokes or sing songs has some sort of, at a fundamental level, desire to be paid attention to, and I’m no different. But my mother instilled in me an incredible desire to learn and an incredible curiosity about the world and an incredible joy in achieving things. And she also put me in creative-writing classes and acting classes when I was a little kid and encouraged me to do stuff. So that’s probably the biggest influence in what got me here."

    We’re concluding our Emmys series with another one of this year’s nominees, Jon Hamm.  He actually had two nominations this year—for outstanding lead actor in a dramatic series for his performance as Don Draper on AMC’s Mad Men, and for his work as a producer on the series.  He’s received a total 13 nominations during his career, but has yet to win.  

    Hamm spoke to Fresh Air in 2010. In the interview he talks about how the loss of his parents influenced his choice to pursue acting: 

    "Had both my parents been around, I probably would have done something completely different with my life. I think all performers come from a place of self-doubt and pain. Ray Romano said once, very accurately and hilariously, that if his dad had spent more time with him he would have been an accountant instead of a comedian. I think that anybody who wants to get on stage or tell jokes or sing songs has some sort of, at a fundamental level, desire to be paid attention to, and I’m no different. But my mother instilled in me an incredible desire to learn and an incredible curiosity about the world and an incredible joy in achieving things. And she also put me in creative-writing classes and acting classes when I was a little kid and encouraged me to do stuff. So that’s probably the biggest influence in what got me here."

  2. jon hamm

    mad men

    acting

    interview

    fresh air

  1. Staircase, Prague.
Dennis Fischer via My Modern Met  View in High-Res

    Staircase, Prague.

    Dennis Fischer via My Modern Met 

  2. staircase

    orange

    architecture

    photography

  1. Edie Falco, star of Nurse Jackie, was nominated this year for outstanding actress in a comedy series. She won for Nurse Jackie in 2010 and three times for her role as Carmela Soprano on The Sopranos. She joined us this spring to talk about addiction, parenting, and her big break.
Here’s Falco on her Sopranos audition: 

"I went in, and I just did exactly what this character should be in my mind, from my estimation — also knowing that there was no way I’d get cast because I was not the stereotypical Italian-American-looking actress, and I knew who was. There’s something very powerful about going in to just do it for the heck of it.
You know, there’s a huge lesson in there. The pain in life is contingent upon one’s expectations for the most part. … So I was calm and relaxed. … I think I got a call that day or the next day. … It was a monstrous sum of money for me at the time, and all I thought was, “I cannot believe I can pay off my student loans with one check.” … I broke out in a sweat at the size of that relief.”
View in High-Res

    Edie Falco, star of Nurse Jackie, was nominated this year for outstanding actress in a comedy series. She won for Nurse Jackie in 2010 and three times for her role as Carmela Soprano on The Sopranos. She joined us this spring to talk about addiction, parenting, and her big break.

    Here’s Falco on her Sopranos audition: 

    "I went in, and I just did exactly what this character should be in my mind, from my estimation — also knowing that there was no way I’d get cast because I was not the stereotypical Italian-American-looking actress, and I knew who was. There’s something very powerful about going in to just do it for the heck of it.

    You know, there’s a huge lesson in there. The pain in life is contingent upon one’s expectations for the most part. … So I was calm and relaxed. … I think I got a call that day or the next day. … It was a monstrous sum of money for me at the time, and all I thought was, “I cannot believe I can pay off my student loans with one check.” … I broke out in a sweat at the size of that relief.”

  2. edie falco

    the sopranos

    nurse jackie

    interview

    fresh air

  1. The “So Did the Fat Lady” episode of Louie — which generated a lot of buzz — just earned Louis C.K an Emmy for outstanding writing in a comedy series.
Louie, who is also overweight, rejects Vanessa (Sarah Baker) when she asks him out because of her appearance. Vanessa then schools Louie about what it’s like “to be the fat girl,” and society’s double standards about weight.
Here’s what Louis C.K. said about that scene in our recent interview:

"I’ve been several weights in my life and I know what it feels like to feel like you’re on the outside looking in [on] the real party in life… In school you’re confronted with kids saying stuff to you. I was heavy for parts of my school life, or awkward… At least in high school kids make fun of you. After high school, you’re just alone. There’s just no people. You just get left alone. I know what it feels like to feel that way. I’m certainly not as heavy as some people but I’ve been heavy and I went bald at like 24, so I’ve always thought about it."
View in High-Res

    The “So Did the Fat Lady” episode of Louie — which generated a lot of buzz — just earned Louis C.K an Emmy for outstanding writing in a comedy series.

    Louie, who is also overweight, rejects Vanessa (Sarah Baker) when she asks him out because of her appearance. Vanessa then schools Louie about what it’s like “to be the fat girl,” and society’s double standards about weight.

    Here’s what Louis C.K. said about that scene in our recent interview:

    "I’ve been several weights in my life and I know what it feels like to feel like you’re on the outside looking in [on] the real party in life… In school you’re confronted with kids saying stuff to you. I was heavy for parts of my school life, or awkward… At least in high school kids make fun of you. After high school, you’re just alone. There’s just no people. You just get left alone. I know what it feels like to feel that way. I’m certainly not as heavy as some people but I’ve been heavy and I went bald at like 24, so I’ve always thought about it."

  2. Louis CK

    louie

    emmy

    comedy

    fresh air

    interview